Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyers Toronto
Seeking For Consultation From Experienced Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer In Toronto?
Experienced Brain Injury Lawyers
Grillo Law is recognized as one of the most experienced firms in the specialised area of brain injury accidents law in Toronto. We’ve helped many brain injured victims and their families obtain compensation to secure their financial future and recovery. We are always committed to fighting for our clients and their family to obtain the maximum settlement award possible. As Toronto’s leading brain injury law firm, Grillo Law specializes in complex and catastrophic brain injury cases arising out of accidents such motorcycle, trucking, and pedestrian accidents as well as wrongful deaths, assaults and construction accidents and occupiers’ liability. We prosecute the rights of our clients who have suffered serious and catastrophic deficits as a result of accidents. Our team of experienced lawyers work with some of the best neurologists, rehabilitation experts and medical specialists in Toronto. We ensure that all current and future losses associated with brain injuries are considered when settling the case. Our relentless drive to succeed for our clients and their family ensures extraordinary results.
What is brain injury?
A brain injury is an injury that changes the brain’s neuronal activity. These injuries disrupt the normal functioning of the brain and can be caused by internal or external factors. Brain injuries are usually not congenital, degenerative, or hereditary. There are two types of brain injuries: traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI). TBI occurs due to external factors such as a violent blow or jolt to the head which alters brain functioning. ABI occurs when internal factors such as lack of oxygen disrupts the normal functioning of the brain.
How to diagnose brain injury
While complex brain injuries can be hard to diagnose, there are some guidelines set aside for diagnosing TBI. First, several medical examinations will be done by specialists such as a neurologist or neuropsychiatrist to evaluate motor function, sensory function, coordination, reflexes and thinking. Common tests recommended to diagnose a brain injury include CT scans, MRIs, MRS, PET and SPECT scans. A specialist will seek to diagnose the injury and determine its severity then provide expert advice on treatment options available. Neurologists and neuropsychologists also work closely with speech therapists and physical/occupational therapists to ensure a thorough diagnosis is provided.
Brain injury types and symptoms
Traumatic brain injuries can be caused by certain events such as falls, assaults, motor vehicle crashes, sports injuries, abusive head trauma and gunshot wounds. Workplace injuries, child abuse and domestic violence can also result in complex brain injuries. The degree of damage will depend on the nature and force of impact among other factors.
Brain injuries can vary in severity from mild such as a concussion to severe.
Mild traumatic brain injuries only affect the brain on a temporary basis. Signs and of mild brain injuries include:
- Loss of consciousness for just a few seconds or minutes
- Confusion or disorientation
- Headache that goes away with time
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fatigue or drowsiness
- Difficulty sleeping
- Loss of balance
- Blurred vision, ringing in the ears or a bad taste in the mouth
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Memory and concentration problems
- Mood changed, feelings of anxiety or depression
Severe traumatic brain injuries symptoms may appear within the first hours after the injury or days after. These symptoms include:
- Loss of consciousness for several hours
- Persistent headache
- Repeated nausea and vomiting
- Convulsions and seizures
- Dilating pupils of the eyes
- Fluids draining from the nose or ears
- Loss of coordination
- Profound confusion
- Slurred speech
- Agitation and unusual behaviour
It’s best to seek medical attention immediately following a blow to the head or body that causes any of the symptoms mentioned above. A mild brain injury may appear to be less severe, but still requires urgent medical attention and an accurate diagnosis.
Recovering from a brain injury
The journey to recover from a brain injury can be a long one especially if it involves a moderate to severe TBI. The injured person may suffer permanent disabilities and sometimes it may lead to death. The early stages of recovery for moderate to severe brain injury cases may result in:
- A coma: The patient remains unconscious with eyes closed continuously and doesn’t respond to any visual stimulation or sounds.
- Vegetative state: The person can open their eyes, respond to visual stimulation, or sounds and makes some movements. However, their movements are not purposeful.
- Minimally conscious state: The person is partially conscious where they may respond to sounds and even reach for objects, but these responses are often not consistent.
The length of recovery will vary depending on the severity of the injuries. Often, most improvements among patients of TBI occur within six months after the injury occurred. Age and pre-injury health may also determine how well a person responds to treatment. Patients often require significant ongoing rehabilitation in order to fully recover after a brain injury.
Getting compensation for brain injury
At Grillo Law, we bring extensive skill and experience in brain injury cases. We come with decades of combined experience in complex brain injury cases resolved by an experienced team of lawyers working closely with the best medical experts in Toronto with a proven track record. Through preparation, we will ensure that the brain injury victim secures a fair and full compensation. We take into account all long-term factors that affect the victim over a long period of time. We will ensure you successfully claim compensation for any of the following damages incurred after a brain injury:
- Medical expenses
- General damages which cover the effects of the brain injury on your quality of life such as pain and suffering
- Special damages which cover less direct effects of the injury such as loss of future earnings
- Financial damages which cover the direct financial costs that are associated to the TBI. For instance, if a victim has to move houses to better suit their new or living requirements or requires major house modifications, this should be catered for under the financial damages.
- Medical costs such as medication and long-term rehabilitation
- Travel costs such as going for hospital appointments or travelling to and from specialist facilities like going for rehabilitation.
Every brain injury case is different, and each has its unique circumstances. To better understand the level of compensation for your case, speak to Grillo Law today.
Brain Injury Types And Symptoms
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are caused by either open or closed head injuries. Open injuries relate to the scull being fractured whereas closed injuries relate to the skull remaining intact.Quite often, closed injuries are more threatening than open injuries due to the sorts of complications that can develop. For instance, there could be brain swelling or blood clots with closed head injuries.
If you or someone you know has sustained trauma to the head, monitor them for any signs of:
- severe headaches
- unusual fatigue
- weakness/numbness on one side of the body
- nausea and dizziness
TBI cases are far more complicated than other personal injury cases. As such, it is imperative to discuss your situation with a trained legal professional as soon as possible. Grillo Law has years of experience in handling complex TBI cases.
Would you like to know what your next steps are?
Call us today and we will ensure that your rights are protected under the laws of the Ontario government.
- We have over 26 years of experience in dealing with personal injury claims.
- A free case evaluation is available to you in order to assess your situation.
- You will not have to pay any fees until we settle.
Ensure that your rights are being protected! Call us today to get started: 416 – 614 – 6000
Types and Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries
Brain injury caused by slip and fall accident
Slips and falls can result in serious head injuries whether they occur at the grocery store, in a mall or an apartment complex. The fall may appear minor and embarrassing but accidents that involve a blow to the head should never be taken lightly. A simple slip and fall can cause serious behavioural problems, emotional and cognitive issues that go on for a long time before you fully recover.
If a slip and fall resulted in symptoms such as nausea, confusion, coordination issues, headaches, or seizures, you need to seek medical attention immediately. These are early signs of a head injury that can range from minor to disabling.
Slip and fall incidents can result in the following types of head injuries:
- Contusions: A bruise to the brain that causes bleeding. In severe cases, brain contusions may need to be removed through surgical intervention.
- Concussions: A blow or jolt to the head that is usually considered a minor injury. However, serious concussions can occur that impair the brain’s function.
- Hematoma: This occurs when a blow to the head damages blood vessels in the brain resulting in a blood clot that presses on brain tissue.
- Closed head injury: The impact after a slip and fall incident can cause bruising on brain tissues, torn blood vessels or swelling in the brain. This is known as a closed head injury because the skull is left intact, but the person is at risk of serious brain damage that can lead to lifelong issues and sometimes death.
Slip and fall cases shouldn’t be taken lightly. If you or a loved one has been a victim and suffered serious head injuries as result, you may have rights to pursue a liability claim. Reach out to us immediately for help.
Brain injuries caused by car accident
Many traumatic brain injuries occur after a car accident. This is because car accidents usually involve sheer force and the objects around the car such as the steering wheel and windshield expose the victim to serious head injuries. A traumatic brain injury may have occurred even if there’s no visible wound on the skull after a car accident. That impact may result in the brain colliding with the internal hard bone of the skill causing serious injury. In the physical sense, the victim may look ok but may be suffering serious bruising of the brain (contusion) or a haemorrhage. In a car accident, the head may strike a stationary object like the windshield causing an open wound.
At Grillo Law, we’ve represented many occupants of motor vehicles who’ve sustained serious injuries that affect their way of life forever. We understand that no two car accident cases are alike and that’s why we perform thorough assessments and work with expert guidance to fight for your rights. Sometimes external factors contribute to the accident and result in more severe injuries.
For instance, some car accident injuries are made more severe due to the crashworthiness of the structure. In these cases, it is proven that the vehicle was unable to protect the person driving and the passengers as it should have in the car accident. Vehicle manufacturers are required to take accidents into consideration when designing and manufacturing their products. If the manufacturer is found to have not evaluated the crashworthiness of their car and taken steps to prevent foreseeable crash injuries, they may be held liable for the traumatic brain injuries sustained by the victims. Cases that involve pre-existing automotive defects can be difficult to resolve and you need an experienced lawyer by your side to help fight your claim.
Brain injuries caused by medical malpractice or negligence
At Grillo Law, we’ve represented victims and their families who’ve suffered serious brain injuries as a result of medical errors, negligence, and medical malpractice. We always take time to educate our clients on their rights and provide them the resources they need to better understand their options when filing a medical malpractice claim.
Brain injuries that involve medical malpractice are sometimes the most complex to identify. This is because victims and their families are often unaware that the brain injury could have been prevented if the physician or health care professional acted differently during treatment. These brain injuries that occur when seeking medical intervention can affect anyone from foetuses to babies, children, and adults.
Brain injuries affecting babies
If a baby is deprived of oxygen during labour and delivery, he/she may suffer a serious brain injury. Oxygen deprivation can occur when the medical professional fails to do an emergency caesarean section on time or when the epidural is administered improperly. Oxygen deprivation can alter the baby’s brain function resulting in serious life-altering conditions such as cerebral palsy, autism, cognitive delay, intellectual disability, seizures, and a range of behavioural problems. With proper medical care and constant monitoring of the baby and mother, these brain injuries can be avoided.
Adult and older-children brain injuries
A delay in diagnosis or misdiagnosis are common causes of brain injuries among adults or older children. Brain injuries among adults can also be as a result of radiology errors, medication errors and emergency room errors. These non-traumatic brain injuries can be caused by a tumour, infection or a similar condition and event that impairs the brain’s function. At Grillo Law, our goal is to protect the rights of victims and their families whose lives have been impacted after a medical malpractice and ensure they get the financial help they need to begin putting their lives back on track.