When a pedestrian is impacted by a vehicle, a hard striking of the head can lead to a loss of consciousness, dizziness, intense headaches, vomiting and slurred speech.
Post-concussive syndrome is common in pedestrian victims as well, and these injuries can continue to affect cognitive functions for a long time, post-accident.
Bruising and contusions
Bruising can trigger swelling and tenderness in impacted areas. Pedestrians that are hit by vehicles often experience these symptoms in multiple areas on the body. Contusions are similar to bruises, as they are localized injuries that appear discoloured and can trigger pain and discomfort.
Soft tissue injuries
These are characterized by trauma to ligaments and muscles and often take the form of sprains/strains and tendinitis (inflammation of the tendons). Physiotherapy is necessary to alleviate symptoms, along with medications designed to reduce pain.
Broken or fractured bones
These are difficult injuries to recover from and often take weeks, if not months, to become functional again. These are serious and require ongoing medical attention for resolution.
Head and brain wounds
These are categorized as the most severe injuries, as they affect cognitive, physical and psychological functioning. Victims sadly become different people than they were pre-accident, often requiring a great deal of care and assistance.